What Is Wh Linguistics?

What is WH expression?

Wiktionary. wh-movementnoun. a syntactic phenomenon found in many languages around the world, in which interrogative words (sometimes called wh-words) or phrases show a special word order. Unlike ordinary phrases, such wh-words appear at the beginning of an interrogative clause.

What is a WH element?

Edmund Weiner. A phrase or clause containing a WH-WORD. A wh-element may be a single word, just as a phrase General Links for this Work.

What is the difference between a movement and wh-movement?

Wh-movement, then, is a type of movement. In English, at least, it appears to be movement to the specifier of CP: In a question like the one in (8), the wh-word what appears at the beginning of the clause. Another difference between wh-movement and A-movement has to do with binding theory.

What triggers wh-movement?

Wh-movement is triggered by the presence of an interrogative pronoun. We can assume that interrogative pronouns have a [+wh] feature that forces them to move. Wh-movement can also be triggered by wh-determiners.

What are the WH-questions in English?

Wh-questions begin with what, when, where, who, whom, which, whose, why and how. We use them to ask for information.

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How WH-questions are formed?

Wh-questions are questions that begin with one of the eight “wh ” words: who, whose, what, when, which, why, where and how. Questions formed with “wh ” words ask about the word or phrase the “wh ” word replaces. When the question word is the subject, the word order doesn’t change: “Columbus discovered America in 1492.”

What are the function of Wh?

We use question words to ask certain types of questions (question word questions). We often refer to these words as WH words because they include the letters WH (for example WHy, HoW).

Are WH words Complementizers?

Adverbial clauses also start with a complementizer but can utilize a far larger variety of words and types to serve as complementizers. In “wh-” questions, the complementizers — which come in the form of “wh-” words — always serve a function in their clause.

What is a wh interrogative clause?

Nominal relative clauses can often look similar to another kind of noun clause (nominal clause) known as interrogative wh-clauses (often simply called wh-clauses). Look at these examples: Do you know what I’m meant to do next. I can’t remember when she’s arriving.

Does Chinese have wh-movement?

Once a wh-phrase is in SpecCP, it has scope over the open proposition expressed by IP, expressing a meaning such as (2). However, constituent questions do not involve wh-movement in all languages. In addition to the interrogative usage, Chinese wh-phrases may have non-interrogative interpretations.

Does Spanish have wh-movement?

In English, Spanish and Italian the [+ wh] feature is in Infl, and the verb must then move from I to C to satisfy the Whcriterion. However, unlike English, Spanish has the option of leaving the subject in postverbal position or the option of moving it to a left dislocated position.

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What is a complex NP?

A complex or heavy NP is one with a noun head and a modifying clause.

What are island constraints?

Island constraints are restrictions of movement rules by which some words or constructions or structures can’t be moved out from islands. Ross (1967) develops the notion of syntactic “islands” whose constituents cannot be questioned or extraposed.

What is attract closest principle?

We call this the “Attract Closest” property of movement: (5) Attract Closest When a head attracts a phrase with a particular property to its specifier, it picks the closest phrase with that property.

What is WH in situ?

Definition. Wh-in-situ is a wh-element which has not been moved overtly. In some languages (Japanese for instance), all wh-elements appear in situ; in languages with overt movement of one wh-element (like English), the other wh-elements stay in situ.

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