What Is Polysemy In Linguistics?

What is polysemy and examples?

When a symbol, word, or phrase means many different things, that’s called polysemy. The verb “get” is a good example of polysemy — it can mean “procure,” “become,” or “understand.” Generally, polysemy is distinguished from simple homonyms (where words sound alike but have different meanings) by etymology.

Which one is an example of Polysemous words?

One example of polysemy is the word ‘sound’. This word has a very large number of meanings. It has 19 noun meanings, 12 adjective meanings, 12 verb meanings, 4 meanings in verb phrases, and 2 adverb meanings. A word with an even greater number of meanings is another example, ‘set’.

What are the types of polysemy?

As said, Evans distinguishes between three polysemy types: conceptual, lexical and inter-lexical.

What is Hyponymy and polysemy?

As nouns the difference between polysemy and hyponymy is that polysemy is (semantics) the ability of words, signs and symbols to have multiple meanings while hyponymy is (semantics) the semantic relation between hyponyms; the quality of being hyponymous.

What are Polysemantic words?

Definitions of polysemantic word. a word having more than one meaning. synonyms: polysemant, polysemous word. type of: word. a unit of language that native speakers can identify.

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When a word has 2 meanings?

Homonyms, or multiple-meaning words, are words that have the same spelling and usually sound alike, but have different meanings (e.g. dog bark, tree bark).

What is it called when something has two meanings?

A double entendre (plural double entendres) is a figure of speech or a particular way of wording that is devised to have a double meaning, of which one is typically obvious, whereas the other often conveys a message that would be too socially awkward, sexually suggestive, or offensive to state directly.

What is the difference between polysemy and Homonymy?

A word is polysemous if it can be used to express different meanings. The difference between the meanings can be obvious or subtle. Two or more words are homonyms if they either sound the same (homophones), have the same spelling (homographs), or both, but do not have related meanings.

What is Homonymy and examples?

The word Homonymy (from the Greek—homos: same, onoma: name) is the relation between words with identical forms but different meanings —that is, the condition of being homonyms. A stock example is the word bank as it appears in “river bank” and “savings ​bank.”

How is Homonymy different from polysemy?

Main Difference – Polysemy vs Homonymy Both of them refer to words having multiple meanings. Polysemy refers to the coexistence of many possible meanings for a word or phrase. Homonymy refers to the existence of two or more words having the same spelling or pronunciation but different meanings and origins.

What are hyponyms give 5 examples?

For example: pigeon, crow, eagle, and seagull are all hyponyms of bird, their hypernym; which itself is a hyponym of animal, its hypernym. Hypernymy or hyperonymy (from Greek ὑπέρ, hupér, “over”, and ὄνυμα, ónuma, “name”) is the converse of hyponymy.

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What is Hyponymy and examples?

In linguistics and lexicography, hyponym is a term used to designate a particular member of a broader class. For instance, daisy and rose are hyponyms of flower. Hyponymy is not restricted to nouns. The verb to see, for example, has several hyponyms—glimpse, stare, gaze, ogle, and so on.

What are the types of synonymy?

According to Quine (1951), there are two kinds of synonymy: complete synonymy and partial synonymy. Complete synonymy is regarded as words having identical meaning components. In more specific terms, words are complete synonyms if and only if they share all ingredients with one another.

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