Quick Answer: What Does Complementary Distribution Mean In Linguistics?

What is complementary distribution in linguistic?

In linguistics, complementary distribution, as distinct from contrastive distribution and free variation, is the relationship between two different elements of the same kind in which one element is found in one set of environments and the other element is found in a non-intersecting (complementary) set of environments.

What is the difference between complementary and contrastive distribution?

If two sounds are in contrastive distribution, they must belong to different phonemes. If two sounds are in complementary distribution: – One of them (the one with the restricted distribution) is not a phoneme, and must be created by a phonological rule.

What is complementary distribution of allophones?

The variants within a phoneme category are called allophones. Allophones usually appear in complementary distribution, that is, a given allophone of one phoneme appears in one predictable environment, but the other allophones of that phoneme never appear in that environment.

How do you explain complementary distribution?

Definition: Complementary distribution is the mutually exclusive relationship between two phonetically similar segments. It exists when one segment occurs in an environment where the other segment never occurs.

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Do minimal pairs occur in complementary distribution?

For example, in English, the sounds [p] and [b] can both occur word-initially, as in the words pat and bat (minimal pairs), which are distinct morphemes. Therefore, in English, [tʰ] and [t] are not in contrastive distribution but in complementary distribution.

Are N and ŋ in complementary or contrastive distribution?

They are complementary because [n] and [ŋ] don’t occur in the same environment, or overlap in the list of word examples.

How do you identify an allophone?

the same environment in the senses of position in the word and the identity of adjacent phonemes). If two sounds are phonetically similar and they are in C.D. then they can be assumed to be allophones of the same phoneme.

Are minimal pairs contrastive?

To determine if two sounds are contrastive, we look for minimal pairs. A minimal pair is two words Thus, [b] and [m] are contrastive; so are [m] and [θ]. Contrastive sounds belong to different phonemes.

What is an example of free variation?

Alan Cruttenden, author of Gimson’s Pronunciation of English, offers a clear definition of free variation by giving an example: ” When the same speaker produces noticeably different pronunciations of the word cat (e.g. by exploding or not exploding the final /t/), the different realizations of the phonemes are said to

What is the meaning of contrastive pairs?

A contrastive pair of words is a pair of words that are the same, except for a contrasting letter/sequence of letters, and a corresponding contrastive speech sound/sequence of speech sounds.

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Does complementary distribution change meaning?

These sounds are merely variations in pronunciation of the same phoneme and do not change the meaning of the word. Another example of sounds which are not phonemes are those which occur in complementary distribution. This means that where one sound of the pair occurs, the other does not.

What are the types of allophones?

Allophones are classified into two groups, complementary and free-variant allophones, on the basis of whether they appear in complementary distribution or the speakers have freedom to choose the allophone that they will use.

Are minimal pairs allophones?

[p] and [pH] are allophones of the phoneme /p /. [t] and [tH] are allophones of the phoneme /t/.

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