Quick Answer: Linguistics Complementary Distribution Where Can They Not Occur?

What is complementary distribution linguistics?

In linguistics, complementary distribution, as distinct from contrastive distribution and free variation, is the relationship between two different elements of the same kind in which one element is found in one set of environments and the other element is found in a non-intersecting (complementary) set of environments.

Can there ever be a minimal pair for sounds that are in complementary distribution?

a PHONEME is the minimal distinctive linguistic sound If you cannot find a minimal pair, the phones are said to be in non-contrastive distribution. They may be in COMPLEMENTARY DISTRIBUTION or in FREE VARIATION.

When two sounds can never occur in the same environment those two sounds are in?

Terms in this set (15) We never find the two or more sounds in the same environment. two sounds are in complementary distribution if /x/ never appears in any of the phonetic environments in which /Y/ occurs.

Do minimal pairs occur in complementary distribution?

For example, in English, the sounds [p] and [b] can both occur word-initially, as in the words pat and bat (minimal pairs), which are distinct morphemes. Therefore, in English, [tʰ] and [t] are not in contrastive distribution but in complementary distribution.

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How do you explain complementary distribution?

Definition: Complementary distribution is the mutually exclusive relationship between two phonetically similar segments. It exists when one segment occurs in an environment where the other segment never occurs.

Does complementary distribution change meaning?

These sounds are merely variations in pronunciation of the same phoneme and do not change the meaning of the word. Another example of sounds which are not phonemes are those which occur in complementary distribution. This means that where one sound of the pair occurs, the other does not.

How do you know if a distribution is complementary or contrastive?

If two sounds are in contrastive distribution, they must belong to different phonemes. If two sounds are in complementary distribution: – One of them (the one with the restricted distribution) is not a phoneme, and must be created by a phonological rule.

Are all allophones in complementary distribution?

Allophones usually appear in complementary distribution, that is, a given allophone of one phoneme appears in one predictable environment, but the other allophones of that phoneme never appear in that environment.

How do you identify an allophone?

the same environment in the senses of position in the word and the identity of adjacent phonemes). If two sounds are phonetically similar and they are in C.D. then they can be assumed to be allophones of the same phoneme.

Are minimal pairs allophones?

[p] and [pH] are allophones of the phoneme /p /. [t] and [tH] are allophones of the phoneme /t/.

Are N and ŋ in complementary or contrastive distribution?

They are complementary because [n] and [ŋ] don’t occur in the same environment, or overlap in the list of word examples.

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Are S and Z allophones?

For instance, we know that /s/ and /z/ are two separate, distinct phonemes in English. Since /s/ and /z/ are variants of a morpheme, they are called allomorphs. Allophones are generally found in complementary distribution meaning that one form of a phoneme will never appear in the environment of another.

Are R and L allophones the same phoneme in Korean?

The English retroflex /r/ does not exist in Korean; Korean only has a phoneme /l/ with three distinct allophones: an apical flap [ɾ] in the initial position (as in atom in English), a lateral [l] in the coda position, and a geminate [ll] in the intervocalic position.

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