- 1 What is a stimulus in linguistics?
- 2 Is the poverty of the stimulus valid?
- 3 What is the problem of the poverty of the stimulus in visual perception?
- 4 What is impoverished language input?
- 5 What is a stimulus example?
- 6 What is stimulus used for?
- 7 What is interlanguage examples?
- 8 What is called poverty?
- 9 What is discrete infinity?
- 10 What is universal grammar in linguistics?
- 11 What are virtuous errors?
- 12 What does the poverty of stimulus refer to quizlet?
- 13 What is imitation in language acquisition?
- 14 What is the fundamental difference hypothesis?
- 15 What is the relevance of language to culture?
What is a stimulus in linguistics?
Learner’s definition of STIMULUS. 1.: something that causes something else to happen, develop, or become more active.
Is the poverty of the stimulus valid?
Though recognized as valid, the soundness of the poverty of stimulus argument is widely questioned. Indeed, every one of the three premises of the argument has been questioned at some point in time. A lot of the criticism comes from researchers who study language acquisition and computational linguistics.
What is the problem of the poverty of the stimulus in visual perception?
To summarize, visual perception is intrinsically underdetermined because of the poverty of the visual stimulus. If the goal of vision is to construct representations of the distal world, then proximal stimuli do not themselves contain enough information to accomplish this goal.
What is impoverished language input?
Updated July 03, 2019. In language studies, poverty of the stimulus is the argument that the linguistic input received by young children is in itself insufficient to explain their detailed knowledge of their first language, so people must be born with an innate ability to learn a language.
What is a stimulus example?
A stimulus is anything that can trigger a physical or behavioral change. An example of external stimuli is your body responding to a medicine. An example of internal stimuli is your vital signs changing due to a change in the body.
What is stimulus used for?
A stimulus check is a check sent to a taxpayer by the U.S. government. Stimulus checks are intended to stimulate the economy by providing consumers with some spending money. Taxpayers receive this money because it’s intended to boost consumption and drive revenue at retailers and manufacturers, spurring the economy.
What is interlanguage examples?
Interlanguage is variable across contexts and domains. Factors that shape interlanguage include overgeneralization, learning strategies, language transfer, transfer of training, and strategies of communication.
What is called poverty?
Poverty is the state of not having enough material possessions or income for a person’s basic needs. Poverty may include social, economic, and political elements. Absolute poverty measures compare income against the amount needed to meet basic personal needs, such as food, clothing, and shelter.
What is discrete infinity?
‘Discrete infinity’ refers to the property by which language constructs from a few dozen discrete elements an infinite variety of expressions of thought, imagination and feeling. The property ‘seems to be biologically isolated’, because it is unique among systems of animal communication.
What is universal grammar in linguistics?
Universal grammar, theory proposing that humans possess innate faculties related to the acquisition of language. It is associated with work in generative grammar, and it is based on the idea that certain aspects of syntactic structure are universal.
What are virtuous errors?
Term. Virtuous error. Definition. syntactic errors made by young children in which a non-standard utterance reveals some understanding, though incomplete, of standard syntax (for example, saying ‘runned’ instead of ‘ran’ shows the child understands that ‘ed’ is often used to put a word into past tense)
What does the poverty of stimulus refer to quizlet?
the acquisition of language obviously requires ‘input’ (aka ‘a stimulus’) which would be the utterances that are spoken to the child. Chomsky argues that the stimulus the child is exposed to is simply too poor (hence ‘poverty of’) to explain how the child can acquire such a complex system as the mental grammar.
What is imitation in language acquisition?
Theory of Imitation: the idea that children imitated what they heard around them. This theory is based on the behaviorism of B. F. Theory of Feedback or Reinforcement: The idea that parent correction of children’s speech errors is what causes children to produce grammatically well-formed utterances.
What is the fundamental difference hypothesis?
The fundamental difference hypothesis in language motivation posits that learning a language is fundamentally different from learning other school subjects. We then review comparative research investigating the motivational processes of learning second languages and of learning other nonlanguage subjects.
What is the relevance of language to culture?
Language is intrinsic to the expression of culture. As a means of communicating values, beliefs and customs, it has an important social function and fosters feelings of group identity and solidarity. It is the means by which culture and its traditions and shared values may be conveyed and preserved.